A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose and expressed in its functioning.
The term system may also refer to a set of rules that governs structure and/or behavior. Alternatively, and usually in the context of complex social systems, the term is used to describe the set of rules that govern structure and/or behavior.
The term "system" comes from the Latin word systēma, in turn from Greekσύστημαsystēma: "whole compounded of several parts or members, system", literary "composition".
"System" means "something to look at". You must have a very high visual gradient to have systematization. In philosophy, before Descartes, there was no "system". Plato had no "system". Aristotle had no "system".
In the 19th century the French physicist Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, who studied thermodynamics, pioneered the development of the concept of a "system" in the natural sciences. In 1824 he studied the system which he called the working substance (typically a body of water vapor) in steam engines, in regards to the system's ability to do work when heat is applied to it. The working substance could be put in contact with either a boiler, a cold reservoir (a stream of cold water), or a piston (to which the working body could do work by pushing on it). In 1850, the German physicist Rudolf Clausius generalized this picture to include the concept of the surroundings and began to use the term "working body" when referring to the system.
Computer system, the combination of hardware and software which forms a complete, working computer. Computer systems will include the computer alongside any software (example: operating system, BIOS) and peripheral devices that are necessary to make the computer function.
In Westernmusical notation, the staff, or stave, is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch—or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments. Appropriate music symbols, depending upon the intended effect, are placed on the staff according to their corresponding pitch or function. Musical notes are placed by pitch, percussion notes are placed by instrument, and rests and other symbols are placed by convention.
The absolute pitch of each line of a non-percussive staff is indicated by the placement of a clef symbol at the appropriate vertical position on the left-hand side of the staff (possibly modified by conventions for specific instruments). For example, the treble clef, also known as the G clef, is placed upon the second line (counting upwards), fixing that line as the pitch first G above 'middle C'.
The lines and spaces are numbered from bottom to top; the bottom line is the first line and the top line is the fifth line.
Both the shipowners need incentives to act on time by installing new technologies, crews need time to familiarise themselves with these new systems, and other stakeholders to begin work on the structures and frameworks ships need to operate.
The shipping industry came together in New York at the GlobalMaritimeForum’s AnnualSummit 2022 to tackle systemic challenges and opportunities. The participants will discuss the need to take concrete action on shipping decarbonization, improve human sustainability, and safeguard the benefits of global trade.
Many in the Lion City’s shipping circles are struggling to find the right calibre of employee ...David Borcoski, CEO of ASPShipsGroup, urges the Singapore government to recognise where talent shortages exist and quickly adjust immigration policies accordingly ... We have smart systems, fleets, and ships.
Leonardo's AWHero rotary uncrewed aerial system / Courtesy of Leonardo ... In this scenario we see our role as the major partner and contributor of world-class system capabilities to a local PrimeContractor, so we wait for further decisions." ... "Our radar and communications systems are on ships both in domestic and export applications," Pietra said.
Traveling to Canada is about to get a lot easier. Starting Oct. 1, the country is dropping all coronavirus entry and travel restrictions ...Rules for cruise travelers are also being lifted, meaning passengers won’t need to test negative before boarding a ship, be vaccinated or use the online public health reporting system ... ....
That means visitors will no longer be required to show proof of vaccination, get tested, submit health information through an official online site, report symptoms, isolate or quarantine, or wear a mask on planes or trains.Rules for cruise travellers are also being lifted, ...
It's a model that nutrition experts hope will become a staple of the American system of social benefits ... Dr ... "The system sets them up to fail.".Community Servings BBQ chicken dinners ready to be sealed and shipped ... In one 2018 study, people on medically tailored meals cost the healthcare system 16% less than those who didn't receive the meals ... ....
The Air Force is testing a new tool for sinking ships with guided bombs, and this month released additional footage of a successful test of the system from April ...Precision guidance systems have improved dramatically since the end of World War II and especially since the 1970s, and anti-ship missiles have benefitted as well.
DNV signs an MoU with Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI), AVIKUS and LISCR on a joint study to deploy autonomous navigation systems onboard ships to increase technology uptake by the industry and flag states ...CSSC Huangpu Wenchong claims launch the world’s first ship with an intelligent unmanned system.
The system has been in use around Santa Barbara, which is home to one of the shipping channels that services the biggest ports on the west coast, and is now expanding northward, into the San Francisco Bay area, also a busy port area for international cargo ships.
German engine manufacturer MANEnergy Solutions and Swiss technology group ABB have teamed up to develop a dual-fuel electric plant concept based on MAN’s recently launched 49/60DF four-stroke engine and ABB’s Dynamic AC (DAC) fuel optimisation system ... ABB’s DAC system and global ...
Hurtigruten Norway has launched its first environmentally-upgraded battery-hybrid powered ship, MS Richard With... The expedition cruise brand now has three battery-hybrid powered ships in its fleet ... All Hurtigruten Norway’s seven ships will also be fitted with SCR systems that cut NOx emissions by a massive 80% by early 2024.
The initiative is designed to support the waterway system to cope with the serious shortage of specialist workers and the challenges posed by the ongoing process of climate change and its associated effects on the long-term capacity of inland waterway shipping as a means of transport.