A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose and expressed in its functioning.
The term system may also refer to a set of rules that governs structure and/or behavior. Alternatively, and usually in the context of complex social systems, the term is used to describe the set of rules that govern structure and/or behavior.
The term "system" comes from the Latin word systēma, in turn from Greekσύστημαsystēma: "whole compounded of several parts or members, system", literary "composition".
"System" means "something to look at". You must have a very high visual gradient to have systematization. In philosophy, before Descartes, there was no "system". Plato had no "system". Aristotle had no "system".
In the 19th century the French physicist Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, who studied thermodynamics, pioneered the development of the concept of a "system" in the natural sciences. In 1824 he studied the system which he called the working substance (typically a body of water vapor) in steam engines, in regards to the system's ability to do work when heat is applied to it. The working substance could be put in contact with either a boiler, a cold reservoir (a stream of cold water), or a piston (to which the working body could do work by pushing on it). In 1850, the German physicist Rudolf Clausius generalized this picture to include the concept of the surroundings and began to use the term "working body" when referring to the system.
Computer system, the combination of hardware and software which forms a complete, working computer. Computer systems will include the computer alongside any software (example: operating system, BIOS) and peripheral devices that are necessary to make the computer function.
In Westernmusical notation, the staff, or stave, is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch—or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments. Appropriate music symbols, depending upon the intended effect, are placed on the staff according to their corresponding pitch or function. Musical notes are placed by pitch, percussion notes are placed by instrument, and rests and other symbols are placed by convention.
The absolute pitch of each line of a non-percussive staff is indicated by the placement of a clef symbol at the appropriate vertical position on the left-hand side of the staff (possibly modified by conventions for specific instruments). For example, the treble clef, also known as the G clef, is placed upon the second line (counting upwards), fixing that line as the pitch first G above 'middle C'.
The lines and spaces are numbered from bottom to top; the bottom line is the first line and the top line is the fifth line.
Lower rainfall is a shipping portent as droughts lower canal water and prices rise from alternative routes ... The 64.37km Panama Canal relies on these water sources to operate a system of locks that allow ships to transit between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans ... After the drought made the canal shallower, ships now have to lighten their loads.
The SPM system project was completed by builders from the China PetroleumPipelineBureau (CPP) ... Md Sharif Hasnat, project manager of the Bangladeshi side, said the project provides a modern unloading system for crude oil and related products shipped to Bangladesh, which is of great significance to the country and its oil and energy industries.
The report notes that Dr Won-Ho Joo, chief operating officer of HD HHI’s Naval & SpecialShipBusinessUnit, made the announcement ... OR ... Bitzinger notes that the class is heavily armed with traditional torpedo tubes and a six-silo vertical launch system (VLS) for anti-ship, cruise and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) ... Like this..
The Jiangnan Shipyard has been actively exploring ship types for container shipments and solutions in propulsion systems, and taking advantage of clean nuclear energy, used a fourth-generation molten salt reactor technology that is ...
Two AR-500 unmanned helicopters were recently included in the system of maritime-management equipment for Shandong maritime authorities, greatly boosting dynamic control of water traffic and emergency response to ship accidents, said the AVIC, China's leading aircraft manufacturer.
But the thing that shipping also needs to pay attention to is the discussion on climate finance ... But no matter how much is pledged to climate funds in Dubai, the broader international financing system is still failing climate-vulnerable countries and the shipping industry can and should play its part in solving the problem.
For instance, Archimedes improved the design of the city’s catapults – these machines were able to target Roman ships that were further away, with much better accuracy ... It didn’t just have stones that battered the enemy fleet, but also a huge metal claw that could be dropped via a pulley system to crash into the ship’s deck.
Both companies said the ship was "spoofing," or making it show up on digital tracking systems near West Africa when in reality it was off the shores of Venezuela. A spokesperson for the Indonesia navy told Bloomberg the 23-year-old ship, the Liberty, was under investigation.
On 1 January 2024, the EU Emissions TradingSystem (EU ETS) will be extended to cover CO2 emissions from ships of 5,000 GT and above calling EU ports, regardless of flag. Ships engaged in voyages between two EU ports, and voyages between the EU and a third country, will be covered by the EU ETS.
The defenders of Ukraine shared a video of the destruction of a Russian air defence system Pantsir S-1. It is a very important target for Ukrainians to destroy, because these systems can intercept Ukrainian cruise missiles, helicopters, planes and drones ... Although the Pantsir missile system was designed in 1990, it entered service in 2008.
... of the installation of the ballast water management system due to delays of dry-docking caused by disruption from COVID-19 ... Also, there should be evidence that the ship has a plan to complete the BWM system installation with the required tests and to comply with BWM convention.
PAPERLESS VISA SYSTEM. The United States is set to implement a paperless visa system, following a successful trial ... She emphasised that although the application process would remain the same, the shift to a paperless system eliminates the need for physical visa to be shipped to overseas posts, streamlining the overall process.